P R O F I L E
The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following Lord Carnarvon's successful creation of a Federation in Canada, in 1874, Sir Henry Bartle Frere was sent to South Africa as High Commissioner for the British Empire on a similar mission. Among the obstacles were the presence of the independent states of the South African Republic and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. Frere, on his own initiative, had presented a Zulu ultimatum on 11 December 1878, to the Zulu king Cetshwayo with which the Zulu king could not comply. This would have involved disbanding his army and abandoning key cultural traditions. Bartle Frere then sent Lord Chelmsford to invade Zululand after this ultimatum was not met. The war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, including an opening victory of the Zulu at the Battle of Isandlwana, followed by the defeat of a large Zulu army at Rorke's Drift by a small force of British troops. The war eventually resulted in a British victory and the end of the Zulu nation's dominance of the region.
Lieutenant General Sir Charles Tucker, GCB, GCVO (died 22 December 1935) was a British Army officer during the late nineteenth and early years of the twentieth centuries. Following the outbreak of the Second Boer War he was ordered by the commander-in-chief of forces in South Africa, Lord Roberts, to take command of the garrison in the City of Pretoria. He later held the command of the Bloemfontein garrison in the Orange River Colony, until he left South Africa in March 1902
When Sir Charles Tucker's regiment arrived in Dublin following the Zulu War, many had no boots, and their red coats were in tatters. Sir Charles refused to have new clothes for the men before they marched through the city, saying that the British public should see how their soldiers were kept.
The Tucker family was prominent in Ashburton for 6 generations. Robert Tucker1 was succeeded by Robert Tucker2. They founded the solicitors firm of that name and took leading parts in public life in Ashburton. One branch of the family, that of Major General Sir Charles Tucker is commemorated by 2 tall crosses, one north of the church to his first wife who died in Secunderabad, the other in the churchyard extension to himself and other members of his family. And in East Street stood a cannon presented to R E Tucker by his brother Gen Sir Charles Tucker in 1904. This appears to originate from the Zulu Wars and is included in this database because it is often confused with the earlier Crimean Cannons. Typically today the former site of the cannon is occupied by a memorial that commemorates the residents of Ashburton who were killed or missing in World War I (72 names) and World War II (20 names).
England - Southern